Businesses and individuals are starting to notice more the importance of improving the technology they use for the company or personal needs. When it comes to lighting, traditional technology is much more expensive and can’t function properly in harsh conditions. They will need to be connected to the electricity grid and depend on it.
Location can also be a big problem when it is difficult to connect to an electricity grid. You would want solar powered parking lot light in these remote areas in order to cut down additional costs. Batteries are becoming more advance especially because of the car industry which is investing a lot into making them more durable.
What Is It Made Of?
When you know all the components and how they affect the quality, it will be easier to find out which one is the best that you can find. Because they are solar-powered, the main component is the monocrystalline solar panel but there can also be polycrystalline that are mostly present in the industry. Mono is generally better when it comes to performance especially when it is cold outside because of the high-energy conversion.
They will collect the energy from the sun and convert it into electric power which is stored in batteries so the efficiency matters a lot. LED light source is the second most important part. They can vary in watts and size which is chosen depending on the size of the lot and how much it is used.
The third crucial part is the lithium battery that is made to discharge a big amount of energy in a short time period. What you will see in industry use are deep-cycle batteries that are the best at enduring power supply and number of cycle times, more than those in cars. There are lithium and lead-acid type but lithium is used in 100% of cases because lead-acid requires maintenance and is much more expensive, they also have a shorter lifespan.
The last two parts include a charge controller and a monitor sensor. The controller can be PWM and MPPT, but for light systems, MPPT is used because of the basic functions it has. Some of the functions include time control, motion sensor control and preventing overcharge. Motion sensors usually use infrared and the best option is to get one with a 120-degree angle.
Why People Choose Solar?
There are a number of reasons why people choose solar but easy installation and no wiring is the biggest because it cuts down some costs and makes it more efficient. You don’t need to have an engineering background to be able to install it you just need to follow a simple process. It takes work depending on the project but you will have free energy all the time. Find more information here: https://www.designnews.com/materials-assembly/design-basics-solar-parking-lots-you-need-know
Even if every parking lot model uses electrical energy the consumption of it is 60% less compared to traditional lighting. HPS or MH type use around 80 lumens per watt but LED technology goes around 200 lumens per watt and you can also change the brightness so you can save the battery. Another benefit is the resistance which is very important for parking lots because they aren’t properly maintained in most cases. The overall design is much more suited for transportation which lowers the costs and it’s more compact for installation.
Solar Street Light Application
Besides using them for parking lots, there are other regions they can be applied to. The most important part to remember when considering buying them is the amount of sunlight you can get. This will determine how efficient it will be and how valuable compared to traditional models. Remote areas can benefit the most and the places that are off the grid can avoid the infrastructure of the power station that had to be installed at a high price.
Roadways, open areas and pedestrian areas all need an illumination solution at night for human activities. You can use them for personal needs but not only to have proper lighting but also as a decoration because there are plenty of models that are made to make your backyard more beautiful. The price of these types is lower because they use less energy and are much smaller. Read more on this page.
Charging and Discharging
There are two fazes it goes through during the day including charge and discharge. When the sun comes, the controller will shut off the LED light and it will start to collect energy through the panel, usually, it will rise to 5v. The solar charge controller is there to stop any overcharge so the panel will rise to about 18v to be able to charge a 12v battery.
It can happen that you don’t have enough sunlight so the value will drop under 5v and then the LEDs will turn on. You will have a motion sensor control mode and time control mode that work while discharging at night. These mods are used to set different levels of brightness at certain times of the night. In most cases, you will have 50% brightness from 6 to 7 pm and it will rise up to 100% until 10 pm and start to drop until the morning.
Efficacy and Creating a Plan
When you are choosing a product to buy, you should look at the luminaires efficacy rating or LER which measures the lumens per watt. It represents the amount of light it can generate compared to energy consumption. The higher the number doesn’t always mean that the quality is good so you also need to check how well the luminaire concentrates its light.
Planning is crucial if you don’t want to spend unnecessary funds so before you buy them, you need to check the angle of the brightness of each product so you can figure out how many of them you need for your lot. It also needs to be in high contrast levels so your cameras can do their job and prevent any blind spots. You should consider less powerful but more efficient models.